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Posts Tagged ‘Gaume’

Cassini III Map On-line

November 25th, 2011 Comments off

In 1744, César-François Cassini de Thury (also known as Cassini III), began the construction of a great topographical map of France, one of the landmarks in the history of cartography. The map that eventually took 70 years to complete has been digitized and is available for viewing on at least two sites that I have found – the first site being the better of the two: David Rumsey Historical Map Collection and Des Villages de Cassini. I was able to find the sections of the map that shows the region of eastern France where my Franc-Comtois ancestors lived. The first image below is centered on the town of Montecheroux from where my ggg-grandfather,  Jean Baptiste Francois Xavier Jeanin-Gaume, emigrated in the 1830’s.

The second image shows the larger area that my Franc-Comtois ancestors hailed from. Click the image to view the detail. In the lower left is Montecheroux which was then in the principality of Montebeliard and is now in France. In the upper right is Chevenez and Porrentruy which was then in the Bishopric of Basel and is now in Switzerland.

Categories: Reference Books Tags: , ,

On the Border

June 3rd, 2010 Comments off

My French ancestors who lived in what is now eastern France and western Switzerland, were neither citizens of France nor of Switzerland until after the French Revolution. The maps below explain why this is so.

The region that my French ancestors came from is today within the French department of Doubs and the modern Swiss Canton of Jura. The area is approximately mid-way between the French city of Besançon and the Swiss city of Basel.

mapmodern

 

In Roman times the region, along the border of Germania, was occupied by a Gallic people known as the Sequani. Around 400 AD, the area was known as Provincia Maxima Sequanorum with its capital at Vesontio (Besançon).

Maxima_Sequanorum

After the fall of the Roman Empire the area was occupied by Germanic tribes and was for a time within the Kingdom of the Burgundians. The 1st kingdom existed between the 6th and 7th centuries.

map486

In the 8th and 9th centuries the area was part of the Kingdom of the Franks. In the tenth century it was part of the Frankish Kingdom of Arles. Following the decline of the Carolingian Empire the area became known as Haute Bourgogne (Upper Burgundy). In the 11th century, the Kingdom of Burgundy was briefly restored, but by the 12th c.  the 2nd kingdom of Burgundy was split into the Duchy of Burgundy (west) which eventually became part of the Kingdom of France and the eastern portion was made into the Free County of Burgundy (Franche-Comté) which became the part of the Holy Roman Empire.

map1360

Overtime the north-east corner of Franche-Comté became the County of Montbéliard and by 1407 Montbeliard became the possession of the German House of Wurttemberg. What is now the Swiss Canton of Jura was then part of the Bishopric of Basel.

map1548

After the War of Austrian Succession in the 1740’s. the County of Montbéliard, a German possession and the Bishopric of Basel were surrounded by the Kingdom of France and the Confederation of Switzerland.

map1789

Following the French Revolution, the county of Montbéliard and the Bishopric of Basel ceased to exist after briefly becoming the Rauracian Republic (1792-93) and then became of part of the new French Republic. The Bishopric of Basel became part of the Confederation of Switzerland following the Congress of Vienna in 1815.

Categories: Discoveries, History Tags: ,

New Ancestors Discovered

December 7th, 2009 Comments off

A correspondent in France has sent to me images of birth and marriage records for the Franco-Swiss ancestors of my paternal grandfather, Leopold DeBacker. This is in regards to the family of his mother, Della Gaume.

These images come from des registres paroissiaux de Dambelin (Dambelin, Rémondans, Vaivre, Mambouhans, Mauchamps…)

The most exciting image is that of the marriage record of Claude Etienne Jeannin-Gaume and Anna Marie Chevrolet. These previously unknown ancestors were married 3 July 1701 in Mambouhans, Saint-Hippolyte, Doubs, France. These would be my gggggg-grandparents (that’s six greats).

Other images provided show:

Some notes:

In the marriage record of Jean Claude, his father’s occupation is given as “manouvrier” which is essentially the same as a “journalier” – an agricultural worker employed by the day (i.e. day laborer). Also in this record it gives the occupation for his father-in-law, Pierre Francois Nedey as “Laboureur” which is different from “journalier” and meant “tenant farmer” or sharecropper

The name Chevroulet (Chevrolet) is Swiss in origin.  The most famous person with this surname is Louis-Joseph Chevrolet (December 25, 1878, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Canton of Neuchâtel, Switzerland – June 6, 1941, Detroit, Michigan) founder of the Chevrolet Motor Car Company. There is no known connection; however some Gaume/Favier ancestors did live in Neuchâtel before moving to what was then the German (HRE) county of Montbéliard and what is now the department of Doubs in eastern France.

These records confirm that Marie Agnes’ surname was Nedey, and  not Nedez, and that her mother’s maiden name was Breux, and not Berne.

The birth record for Luc Francois shows that he was born in 1774, and not 1772. His father, Jean Claude’s, occupation is given a “journalier”.

One of the witnesses on Luc Francois’s birth record is identified as Marie Therese Nedey, “sister of the mother”.

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More End-of-Line Exploration

September 6th, 2009 Comments off

As I discussed in a previous post I have been able to identify nearly 140 end-of-line ancestors on two branches from the generation of my great-grandparents. From my great-grandmother, Della Gaume, I identified 70 end-of-line ancestors and her ancestry is similar to her husbands in that several of her end-of-line ancestors share the same surname but so far do not appear to be related. In some cases the same surname appears three or four times.

Read more…

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